At the beginning of this new year, the Framework Law on Climate Change was signed, which delegates functions to the Ministry of Environment, national and regional authorities to reduce this problem. With this, it is sought that the State and specialists intervene transversely in the different regions of the country and involve the private sector, civil society, and indigenous or native peoples.
But why does such a law arise in Peru? The MINAM conducted a study where the following results were obtained:
- 67% of natural disasters that occur in Peru are due to climate change.
- 5.6 million Peruvians are affected by the cold.
- 2.6 million Peruvians suffer periods of drought where food insecurity is the main risk to their health.
Thanks to this law, there will be greater access to information and training so that citizens know how to face extreme climatic situations, through the provision of goods and resources. In addition to reducing the carbon footprint and prolonging our stay on Earth, this law brings advantages and development opportunities for Peru.
- A new economic sector will be created for the development of green technologies.
- The State will manage public resources, which will generate a stronger economy and that Peruvians enjoy a better quality of life.
Mexico was the first precedent of said law in Latin America. Its main objectives were to eradicate poverty and hunger, create sustainable cities and communities and preserve underwater life and terrestrial ecosystems. During the period from 2013 to 2017, it managed to reduce 70.23 million tons of CO2 that are maintained until today and got 30 federal entities to have a program of attention to climate change. Likewise, there are more and more Mexican researchers, universities and higher education institutions that carry out studies on this subject.