The French Revolution (Part I)

The French revolution was a political and social movement that was born in France in 1789 and resulted in the decline of the absolutist regime and provided a democratic system of government. The French revolution propagated the ideals of freedom and brotherhood. In turn, it also disseminated the fundamental rights of man and society.

Causes of the French Revolution:

  • The monarchical absolutism that characterized the unlimited power of the king.
  • Political and social inequality.
  • Lack of freedom and rights.
  • Background In the political sphere there was the absolutist monarchy which had the king in mind, who dictated the laws. In the social sphere, there were 3 social classes: clergy, nobility, and the flat state. On the other hand, in the economic sphere, there was a decline in trade and industry.

Stages of the French Revolution

First stage
At this stage, the outbreak of the revolution develops and begins and ends on September 21, 1792. In this, there were 3 fundamental facts to consider:

General States (1789)
The economic crisis in France forced the French sovereign to bring together the general states (assembly consisting of 1200 deputies) to present the most convenient measures. National Assembly (1789) The king, Louis XVI closed the session room of the National Assembly in which the deputies promised not to leave it until giving a constitution to France.

Constituent Assembly (1789-1791)
The king had lost his authority and the monarchy was in its last days. The main events that marked this reform were: The capture of the Bastille that occurred on July 14, 1789, in which the Parisians took the strength of the Bastille (the prison) and occupied it. Then the declaration of the human rights of the citizen would be imposed on August 26, 1789.

Legislative Assembly (1791-1792)
As for this period, the main events that marked them were the Declaration of War on Austria, the assault on the Tullerias and the final prison of Louis XVI. Also noteworthy is the emergence of political parties among them, the fuldences (monarchists), the Girondins (moderate Republicans), and the Jacobins and the mountain (radical left).

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