How does the vote of confidence work?

According to the political constitution of Peru in article 118, 130, 132, 133, and 134; and according to the contributions of the unique Digital Platform of the Peruvian State, the vote of confidence is a constitutional mechanism that can be used by the Executive Power, in order to consult the Congress of the Republic on the topics of its consideration that may be brought under his trust to continue ruling.

To carry out this initiative, the President of the Republic (Martin Vizcarra Cornejo) should convene, as established, an extraordinary session of the Congress of the Republic. In this session, the President of the Ministerial Cabinet (Pedro Cateriano), accompanied by his team from the Ministerial Cabinet (the other ministers) must be present to present himself and present the reasons for his request to the plenary (vote of confidence).

From that point, it is where the participation of the legislative power intervenes, since they will have to debate on the request presented and finally vote on what parliamentarians or political groups consider convincing. The requirement for a vote of confidence to be approved is the vote of half more than the number of congressmen (66 votes).

According to the opinions of the political constitution of Peru, Congress should approve said request, since if it is not approved or if the current Prime Minister (Pedro Cateriano) resigns or is replaced by the Head of State (Martin Vizcarra), it would carry out a total ministerial crisis and the cabinet in full resignation.

In the current context of our country, the President of the Council of Ministers, Pedro Cateriano, has already presented before the Legislative Branch, the request for a vote of confidence, carried out on August 3. It should be noted that in the last few hours, various tweets from the media and information professionals have mentioned that an Achilles heel in accepting the vote of confidence for the Prime Minister is the motion for interpellation that is presented to the Minister of Education, Martin Benavides.

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