Today is the International Day of Family Planning. This is a very important measure at a global level so that families can decide when and how to have children. What this measure seeks is «to ensure that everyone has access to their preferred contraceptive methods» to reinforce «human rights, including the right to life and liberty; freedom of opinion and expression, and the right to work and to education, in addition to reporting important health and other benefits», WHO notes.
What does family planning consist of?
Through the health centers, Family Planning seeks to equip people with mechanisms such as contraceptives to have the decision in their hands. Knowing the age at which you want to have children, how to have them and being able to choose to grow financially to have them is a responsible measure to avoid risks such as child abandonment, poverty, or famine, among other social ills.
The information must be provided in health facilities so that people who begin their sexual lives have the option to decide. Women especially, family planning is an elementary right that empowers them.
What are contraceptive methods and their effectiveness?
Having babies is not a game, much less an easy decision to make. For this, contraceptive methods have a wide range of protection to prevent unwanted pregnancies. The WHO recognizes the following: oral contraceptive pills, implants, injectables, patches, vaginal rings, intrauterine devices, condoms, male and female sterilization, lactational amenorrhea method, interrupted intercourse, and knowledge-based methods of fertility.
Its effectiveness may vary around the pregnancies that occur annually in women who have used one of these methods, and they can be variable in relation to each organism. So if a method works for one person, it does not mean that it works the same way for another. However, statistics can give a more or less precise margin around these cases.
We detail the effectiveness in the table, below:
To know which is the best contraceptive method that best reacts in your body, you should visit a trusted gynecologist.
Because it is important?
Being able to decide when to have babies or not is a right for all women. Having tools and information is essential. Many problems such as families in poverty, abandonment, or child mortality could be remedied with correct information on these methods. Our task today is to spread it.