«In 1820, Chile and Argentina created a military front called » The Liberating Army «, this was led by the Argentine general José de San Martín and the Chilean military Bernardo O’Higgins»
A few weeks after the celebration of Independence Day in Peru, it’s important to remember the José de San Martín liberator arrival in Peruvian territory, since this fact would trigger a series of events that ended the Spanish conquest in America era.
In 1820, Chile and Argentina created a military front called «The Liberating Army» this has the Argentine general José de San Martín and the Chilean military Bernardo O’Higgins at their head. They had the mission of liberating Peru from the Spanish yoke so that the costs of this are guaranteed by the next independent government to Chile.
The well-known Liberating Expedition that San Martín formed was made up of four thousand men, between Peruvians, Chileans, and Argentines. He left Chile for Peruvian lands in a fleet of 11 warships and 15 land kinds of transport, under the command of Vice-Admiral Thomas Cochrane. This army arrived in Peru on September 8th, 1820, and landed in what is now known as the Paracas Bay (Ica Region).
Finally, General San Martín decided to install his base in Pisco, where he planned the following movements for his troops, such as the taking of the city of Lima on July 9, 1821, just a few weeks before he would declare independence. To achieve this important advance, San Martín divides the Army into two parts, the first directed to the mountains and the other was shipped to the north of Peru, this with the sole purpose of breaking Spanish conquerors.