The Huamachuco Battle was the one that marked the end of the Pacific War between Peru and Chile and would give way to the signing of the «Ancon Treaty», after this feat the Chilean soldiers obtained victory after a tough confrontation in which the army Peruvian was defeated.
This confrontation took place in the Peruvian Andes, in the northern highlands of the department of La Libertad in the province of Huamachuco on July 10th, 1883, the Peruvian army was commanded by the remembered «Warlock of the Andes», Marshal Andrés Avelino Cáceres, while Chile was directed by General Alejandro Gorostiaga.
History indicates that the Peruvian militias were at a great disadvantage versus Chile, they did not have sufficient weapons to face the southern country’s armed forces. Thousands of Peruvians were annihilated by the Chilean sabers and bayonets. As for the captured prisoners, they were shot publicly, but Cáceres managed to flee.
During the Huamachuco Battle, Leoncio Prado, a renowned Peruvian military man, son of one of the presidents that Peru had, Colonel Mariano Ignacio Prado, was captured and killed.
The war end
It should be noted that the so-called Pacific War ends with the battle of Huamachuco and the signing of the «Ancon Treaty» agreement reached by then-President of Peru Miguel Iglesias and Vice-Admiral of the Chilean Armed Forces Patricio Lynch.
The balance of this war was 20 thousand deaths between civilians and the military approximately, both Peruvian and Chilean.